Campaign letter distributed by Mayor Addonizio, informing his supporters that the election is “our last chance to keep Newark free for all people.” Addonizio was defeated by Ken Gibson in the runoff election, making Gibson the first Black mayor of a major northeastern city.
Brochure distributed by the Gibson Civic Association to promote Ken Gibson’s 1970 Mayoral campaign in Newark. Gibson became the first Black mayor of a major northeastern city after defeating incumbent Mayor Hugh Addonizio in the election.
Statement by Governor Richard J Hughes to the Governor’s Select Commission for the Study Civil Disorder in New Jersey (1)-ilovepdf-compressed
Transcript of address given by Governor Richard J. Hughes to the Governor’s Select Commission for the Study of Civil Disorder in New Jersey on August 8, 1967. The Commission was convened by Governor Hughes to study “the causes, the incidents, and the remedies” for the 1967 Newark rebellion. The Governor’s Commission, also known as the Lilley Commission after its chair Robert Lilley, held months of hearings from Newark residents and later published its findings in Report for Action. — Credit: New Jersey State Archives
Headline from a flyer distributed by the Clinton Hill Neighborhood Council announcing a picket at the Fifth Precinct on June 29, 1964. The protest was planned in response to insulting remarks made by police to residents of Hunterdon Street after they requested fair treatment and better service by police in their neighborhood. — Credit: Newark Public Library
— Credit: Newark Public Library
Excerpt on Parker-Callaghan from Report for Action- Governor’s Select Commission on Civil Disorder, State of New Jersey, Feb 1968
Excerpt from the Governor’s Select Commission on Civil Disorder regarding the influence of the Parker-Callaghan fight on the 1967 Newark rebellion. The excerpt includes testimony from Police Director Dominick Spina saying ‘The types of speeches that were made before the Planning Board and the Board of Education tell you, almost predict, that there is going to be blood running in the streets.’ — Credit: Report for Action: Governor’s Select Commission on Civil Disorder, State of New Jersey
Clipping from an unmarked newspaper covering a meeting of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) on October 11, 1965. The meeting, attended by roughly 100 people, was held to address Mayor Addonizio’s responses to community demands for a police review board in Newark. Those who attended the meeting, including Robert Curvin, Fred Means, and Carl Katidus, criticized the shortcomings of Addonizio’s proposals for police reform. Newark Human Rights Commission director James Threatt was “booed repeatedly” when he spoke in support of Addonizio’s plans. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Issue of the African-American newspaper, Advance, from January 6, 1966. The issue contains coverage of demands made by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) for the dismissal of Police Director Dominick Spina. CORE demanded Spina’s ouster in a meeting with Mayor Addonizio after a Black teenager, Walter Mathis, was fatally shot by Newark police. This issue also details several high-profile cases of police brutality from 1962-1966, a period in which Newark’s Black and Puerto Rican communities continuously advocated for police reform and accountability to no avail from City Hall. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Press release from the American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey summarizing a letter from ACLU executive director Fred Barbaro to Mayor Addonizio. The letter critiqued Addonizio’s rejection of the police review board, taking particular exception to the Mayor’s plan to forward all allegations of police brutality to the FBI. The referral of these cases to the FBI was seen by many Black and Puerto Rican communities as a token gesture that would provide no redress to victims of police misconduct. — Credit: Newark Public Library