In this essay, Stanley Winters, a veteran organizer in the Clinton Hill neighborhood, describes the interrelated nature of urban renewal politics and struggles for civil rights. Because the vast majority of urban renewal policy makers were white, Black and Puerto Rican communities had little representation in projects that they were disproportionately impacted by. Winters also argues that urban renewal projects were being utilized for the benefit of business interests, rather than community interests.
Letter from United Community Corporation (UCC) members George Richardson and Hilda Hidalgo, to Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., seeking assistance in response to the City Council Committee’s investigation of the UCC in 1965. Many Black and Puerto Rican ommunity members, like Richardson and Hidalgo, argued that the Committee’s investigation was an attempt to “bring the anti-poverty program under the control of the Mayor and the City Council.” — Credit: Newark Public Library
Address given by Mayor Addonizio to the Board of Directors of the United Community Corporation (UCC) in which he offers his views on what roles the organization should play in Newark. In the address, Addonizio urges the Board to “keep the UCC out of politics.” City officials in Newark feared that the antipoverty program would become a parallel government and undermine their political power in the city. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Report by Works Progress Administration staff writers in the 1930s describing the housing conditions faced by Newark’s African American communities . — Credit: NJ State Archives