Memo from the Newark Police Department regarding attempts to “organize white citizens against Negroes in the city.” The organization, known as Loyal Americans for Law and Order (LALO), was formed during the 1967 Newark rebellion by a man named Don Gottwerth. The organization supported the police, most notably in the campaign for a police canine corps immediately after the rebellion.
Leaflet distributed by the organization Loyal Americans for Law and Order (LALO), introducting the organization’s mission and statement of principles. LALO was formed immediately after the 1967 Newark rebellion in response to what the organization saw as “Godless…philosophies subverting the negro communities where is found waste, ignorance and lawlessness.” LALO and other white reactionary organizations utilized stereotypes of African-American criminality, laziness, and ignorance to promote a “law and order” response to growing Black political advancement in the city after the rebellion.
Flyer distributed by the organization Loyal Americans for Law and Order (LALO), calling for residents to attend a City Council meeting on November 1, 1967 “and help your police department enforce the law for all the citizens of Newark.” LALO was formed immediately after the 1967 Newark rebellion in response to what the organization saw as “Godless…philosophies subverting the negro communities where is found waste, ignorance and lawlessness.”
Letter received by Newark Police Director Dominick Spina, congratulating him on his “firm stand” against civil rights organizations in Newark. The author of the letter states that African Americans had “developed a complex of superiority…and they will stop at nothing to achieve their ridiculous demands.”
In this draft proposal for the 1969 Black and Puerto Rican Convention, the planning committee describes the purpose of the Convention and explains the need for Black and Puerto Rican political power in the city. The Convention was organized by an array of inviduals and organizations in Newark to formally select the “Community’s Choice” for Mayor and City Council in the 1970 election.
Campaign letter distributed by Mayor Addonizio, informing his supporters that the election is “our last chance to keep Newark free for all people.” Addonizio was defeated by Ken Gibson in the runoff election, making Gibson the first Black mayor of a major northeastern city.
Brochure distributed by Citizens for Hugh J. Addonizio to promote Mayor Addonizio’s 1970 campaign for re-election. Addonizio was defeated by Ken Gibson in the runoff election, making Gibson the first Black mayor of a major northeastern city.
Brochure distributed by the Gibson Civic Association to promote Ken Gibson’s 1970 Mayoral campaign in Newark. Gibson became the first Black mayor of a major northeastern city after defeating incumbent Mayor Hugh Addonizio in the election.
Statement by Governor Richard J Hughes to the Governor’s Select Commission for the Study Civil Disorder in New Jersey (1)-ilovepdf-compressed
Transcript of address given by Governor Richard J. Hughes to the Governor’s Select Commission for the Study of Civil Disorder in New Jersey on August 8, 1967. The Commission was convened by Governor Hughes to study “the causes, the incidents, and the remedies” for the 1967 Newark rebellion. The Governor’s Commission, also known as the Lilley Commission after its chair Robert Lilley, held months of hearings from Newark residents and later published its findings in Report for Action. — Credit: New Jersey State Archives
Headline from a flyer distributed by the Clinton Hill Neighborhood Council announcing a picket at the Fifth Precinct on June 29, 1964. The protest was planned in response to insulting remarks made by police to residents of Hunterdon Street after they requested fair treatment and better service by police in their neighborhood. — Credit: Newark Public Library