Issue of the African-American newspaper, Advance, from January 6, 1966. The issue contains coverage of demands made by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) for the dismissal of Police Director Dominick Spina. CORE demanded Spina’s ouster in a meeting with Mayor Addonizio after a Black teenager, Walter Mathis, was fatally shot by Newark police. This issue also details several high-profile cases of police brutality from 1962-1966, a period in which Newark’s Black and Puerto Rican communities continuously advocated for police reform and accountability to no avail from City Hall. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Brief article written around 1974 by a member of the Committee For Unified Newark providing an overview and analysis of the struggle to build Kawaida Towers. The article explains the political significance of the development of Kawaida Towers for CFUN and CAP’s larger vision of community development and political power. — Credit: The Black Power Movement, Pt. 1 (microfilm)
Flyer from 1974, urging support for the Kawaida Bail Fund, used to bail out members of the Committee For Unified Newark and Congress of Afrikan People. Amiri Baraka’s cultural nationalist organizations were the target of intense scrutiny and repression from the Newark Police Department, leading to several instances of police intimidation and violence. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Volume 3, Number 2 of Unity and Struggle, the national newspaper of the Congress of Afrikan People (CAP), published in February-March 1974. Unity and Struggle was one of several media outlets developed by Amiri Baraka to promote Black cultural nationalism in Newark and the nation. This was the first edition of the national newspaper, after replacing the local Black NewArk. — Credit: NYU Tamiment Library
Grand Jury report describing the fatal shooting of 28-year-old Tedock Bell on July 14, 1967, who was “shot by an unidentified Newark police officer who had called him to halt.” The Grand Jury found “no cause for indictment.” –Credit: Newark Public Library
Photograph of members of the Newark Community Union Project (NCUP) at a 1965 demonstration for a traffic light at Avon and Badger Avenues. Tom Hayden is pictured in the center of the photo, along with Junius Williams (sunglasses and sign). –Credit: Junius Williams Collection
Fred Means addresses a rally held by the Newark branch of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to protest the killing of Lester Long by Newark policeman Henry Martinez in 1965. The shooting of Lester Long was one of the most well-known and contentious cases of alleged police brutality in Newark during the 1960s and reinvigorated community demands for a police review board. -Credit: Jim Lowney, Doug Eldrige Collection
Flyer distributed by white communities in Newark. The original flyer was titled “The Wops want Race War,” and was distributed primarily within the city’s Black communities in response to white demands for police dogs after the 1967 Newark rebellion. Upon finding the flyer, someone within the white community added a new heading to the flyer and redistributed it in the white community.
Flyer from the Loyal Americans for Law and Order (LALO), which was formed during the 1967 Newark rebellion by a man named Don Gottwerth. The organization mobilized white fear and resentment and supported the police, most notably in the campaign for a police canine corps immediately after the rebellion. The proposed “canine corps” for the Newark Police Department was a hotly contested issue in the aftermath of the rebellion.