Transcript of an oral history interview of Eulis “Honey” Ward conducted by Komozi Woodard in 1986. Ward reflects on growing up in Newark, his involvement in city politics, and his experiences with struggles for Black liberation in the city. –Credit: Komozi Woodard
Testimony of Harry Wheeler, director of the Committee Against Negro and Puerto Rican Removal, before the Governor’s Select Commission on Civil Disorder on December 8, 1967. The Commission was held following the 1967 Newark rebellion to investigate the causes of the rebellion and called witnesses to testify like a Grand Jury. –Credit: Rutgers University Digital Legal Library Repository
A collection of newsclippings from the Newark Evening News in the 1960s covering the political career of Larrie West Stalks. –Credit: Junius Williams Collection
Letter distributed to residents of Newark’s Central Ward by the Newark Area Planning Association (NAPA), to encourage community support in the struggle against the College of Medicine and Dentistry. NAPA led the charge to develop an alternate plan for the medical school that would have originally displaced approximately 20,000 Black and Puerto Rican residents of the Central Ward. — Credit: Junius Williams Collection
Flyer distributed by white communities in Newark. The original flyer was titled “The Wops want Race War,” and was distributed primarily within the city’s Black communities in response to white demands for police dogs after the 1967 Newark rebellion. Upon finding the flyer, someone within the white community added a new heading to the flyer and redistributed it in the white community.
Memo from the Newark Police Department regarding attempts to “organize white citizens against Negroes in the city.” The organization, known as Loyal Americans for Law and Order (LALO), was formed during the 1967 Newark rebellion by a man named Don Gottwerth. The organization supported the police, most notably in the campaign for a police canine corps immediately after the rebellion.
Letter from Anthony Imperiale’s 1970 campaign for Mayor of Newark. Imperiale and his North Ward Citizens Committee gained notoreity for the cache of weapons, including an armored car, that they claimed to have and for giving voice to white fears and resentment after the 1967 Newark rebellion. Although he was elected Councilman in the 1968 election, Imperiale was soundly defeated in the Mayoral election.
In this unpublished essay written in 2013, Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) describes the histories of The Spirit House at 33 Stirling Street in Newark. Baraka explains the context of The Spirit House’s founding, along with its political, cultural, and historic significance for Newark and the Black Arts Movement. This essay was generously given to “The North” by Amina Baraka.
Map of the proposed Route 75 “Midtown Connector” highway in Newark, prepared by the Division of City Planning. Highway construction in northern urban areas has historically involved the destruction of predominantly Black communities for the benefit of predominantly white suburban commuters. Route 75 was one of the most heavily-contested commuter highway proposals in Newark. Despite years of opposition from Black and Puerto Rican communities in Newark, city officials continued to push forward with plans for the highway’s construction, before finally abandoning the project.
Article from the Advance, an African-American newspaper, covering the proposed construction of Routes 75, 78, and 280 through Newark. Highway construction in northern urban areas has historically involved the destruction of predominantly Black communities for the benefit of predominantly white suburban commuters. Route 75 was one of the most heavily-contested commuter highway proposals in Newark.