In this unpublished essay written in 2013, Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) describes the histories of The Spirit House at 33 Stirling Street in Newark. Baraka explains the context of The Spirit House’s founding, along with its political, cultural, and historic significance for Newark and the Black Arts Movement. This essay was generously given to “The North” by Amina Baraka.
Flyer for an event hosted by the United Brothers on April 26, 1968, featuring international Black Power advocate Stokely Carmichael, Charles Kenyatta, Kenneth Gibson, and John Henrik Clarke.
Article from the Star-Ledger on June 25, 1968 covering the nomination of Theodore Pinckney and Donald Tucker for City Council positions during a political convention held by the United Brothers. The article contains brief biographies of both Pinckney and Tucker.
Article from the Star-Ledger on June 13, 1968 covering a political convention to be held by the United Brothers for the purpose of nominating candidates to run for City Council positions.
Issue of the African-American newspaper, Advance, from January 6, 1966. The issue contains coverage of demands made by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) for the dismissal of Police Director Dominick Spina. CORE demanded Spina’s ouster in a meeting with Mayor Addonizio after a Black teenager, Walter Mathis, was fatally shot by Newark police. This issue also details several high-profile cases of police brutality from 1962-1966, a period in which Newark’s Black and Puerto Rican communities continuously advocated for police reform and accountability to no avail from City Hall. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Draft of former mayor Leo Carlin’s opening statement for his 1966 mayoral campaign against the incumbent, Hugh Addonizio, and political newcomer, Ken Gibson. Carlin attempted to run again in 1966 after being defeated by Addonizio in the 1962 election. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Campaign brochure for Mayor Addonizio’s 1966 mayoral campaign in Newark. Addonizio ran as the incumbent in the campaign against former mayor Leo Carlin and political newcomer, Ken Gibson. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Draft article by Newark Evening News reporter Doug Eldridge describing Ken Gibson’s comments on the report issued by the Governor’s Select Commission on Civil Disorders. Gibson, a member of Newark’s Business Industrial Coordinating Council (BICC) and 1966 mayoral candidate, became the first African-American mayor of Newark in 1970. — Credit: Newark Public Library
Memo from William Mercer, coordinator of the Business Industrial Coordinating Committee (BICC) to the BICC Executive Committee, in which he describes the City of Newark as “ready to explode.” Mercer cites some of the causes of heightened tension, including: the Medical School fight, Parker-Callaghan dispute, and the National Black Power Conference planned for July. — Credit: Newark Public Library